Primates lose ground to surging commodity production in their habitats

first_imgArticle published by John Cannon Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored “Forest risk” commodities, such as beef, palm oil, and fossil fuels, led to a significant proportion of the 1.8 million square kilometers (695,000 square miles) of forest that was cleared between 2001 and 2017 — an area almost the size of Mexico.A previous study found that 60 percent of primates face extinction and 75 percent of species’ numbers are declining.The authors say that addressing the loss of primate habitat due to the production of commodities is possible, though it will require a global effort to “green” the international trade in these commodities. The global trade of products that come at the expense of tropical forest is driving many primate species closer to extinction, a new study suggests.The research, published June 17 in the journal PeerJ, found that the production or extraction of these “forest risk” commodities, such as beef, palm oil, and fossil fuels, led to a significant proportion of the 1.8 million square kilometers (695,000 square miles) of forest that was cleared between 2001 and 2017 — an area almost the size of Mexico.“The consequences of [harvesting] these resources is that they result in the permanent deforestation and conversion of forested habitats into monocultures, pastures, degraded and polluted habitats,” Paul Garber, one of the paper’s co-authors and a primatologist at the University of Illinois, said in a video abstract. “If we look at the 15 primate-richest countries in the world, by the end of this century, if we don’t change business as usual, 80 to 100 percent of the primate species in those countries will be threatened with extinction or be extinct.”A Bornean orangutan in Malaysia. Image by John C. Cannon/Mongabay.In a previous study, Garber and his colleagues found that 60 percent of primate species worldwide are threatened with extinction and that 75 percent of species’ numbers are declining. For this research, the team compared those figures with surges in trade in regions where primates live and data on forest loss.“There’s been an increase of about 300 percent across all of these four areas in commodities trade over the last 15 years,” Garber said. But, he added, the commodities driving the loss of forests, as well as the impacts that growing or extracting them had, vary from region to region.In Southeast Asia, for example, the production of commodities like palm oil and rubber led to nearly half of all deforestation. In Mexico and Central and South America, soy and beef were responsible for about a quarter of forest loss.Photos of selected primate species impacted by forest loss and degradation resulting from the production of forest-risk commodities. Image © 2019 Estrada et al. From top left, Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygameus), Borneo, by Rhett A. Butler/Mongabay; western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla), Gabon, by Rhett A. Butler/Mongabay; Indochinese lutung (Trachypithecus germaini), Cambodia, by Rhett A. Butler/Mongabay; white-headed langur (Trachypithecus poliocephalus), China, by P. A. Garber; black-and-white ruffed lemur (Varecia variegata), Madagascar, by S. Johnson; and black howler monkey (Alouatta pigra), Mexico, by S. Van Belle.South Asia had a similar amount of its deforestation — 26 percent — as a result of the push for commodities, though in that part of the world, fossil fuels and gemstone mining played the most significant roles. In Africa, 7 percent of deforestation occurred due to tradeable commodities, mainly the extraction of minerals and fossil fuels.Nearly all of the demand for these goods came from just 10 countries, Garber said. Among the top importers of these goods are the United States, China, Japan and Switzerland; the U.S. and China were the destinations for 58 percent of these forest-risk exports.Garber called primates the “canary in the coal mine,” and the authors say the places where these primates live need to be protected for their sakes as well as our own.A chimpanzee in Uganda. Image by Rhett A. Butler/Mongabay.“Primates and their habitats are a vital component of the world’s natural heritage and culture,” Alejandro Estrada, the study’s first author and a primatologist at the National Autonomous University of Mexico, said in a statement. “[A]s our closest living biological relatives, nonhuman primates deserve our full attention, concern, and support for their conservation and survivorship.”Garber added, “It comes at a great cost to the environment and people living in these primate habitat countries who are still relatively poor, food insecure, they have income inequality, and there’s still political instability in these countries.”The authors say the international community needs to come together through a set of international agreements to overhaul how these products — which end up in supermarkets, gas stations and shops in consumer countries — are harvested, arguing that we must trade “green.”Image © 2019 Estrada et al.“What we mean by that is that the cost of a product needs to include the environmental cost of production,” Garber said, “and then those funds need to [be] put into an international fund that can be used to try to mitigate some of the problems.”Without such global action, the team writes, more species will continue to fall under the specter of the threat of extinction or be wiped out entirely.“We have a window of time to change our behavior, but that requires leadership and a set of people worldwide who can help direct this effort,” Garber said. “It cannot be done by any one country. It’s not the fault of any one country. But we need international agreements to move this forward.”Banner image of a ring-tailed lemur by Rhett A. Butler/Mongabay.Citations:Estrada, A., Garber, P. A., & Chaudhary, A. (2019). Expanding global commodities trade and consumption place the world’s primates at risk of extinction. PeerJ, 7, e7068. doi:10.7717/peerj.7068Estrada, A., Garber, P. A., Rylands, A. B., Roos, C., Fernandez-Duque, E., Di Fiore, A., … & Rovero, F. (2017). Impending extinction crisis of the world’s primates: Why primates matter. Science advances, 3(1), e1600946. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1600946FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page.center_img Activism, Agriculture, Amphibians, Animal Behavior, Animals, Apes, Biodiversity, Biodiversity Crisis, Biodiversity Hotspots, Borneo Orangutan, Bushmeat, Cats, Chimpanzees, Conservation, Ecology, Ecosystems, Elephants, Endangered Species, Environment, Environmental Activism, Environmental Politics, Extinction, Fish, Fishing, Forests, Fragmentation, Frogs, Gorillas, Green, Herps, Impact Of Climate Change, In-situ Conservation, Insects, Invasive Species, Invertebrates, Iucn, Mammals, Natural Capital, New Species, Orangutans, Parks, Poaching, Primates, Protected Areas, Rainforests, Reptiles, Research, Saving Species From Extinction, Species Discovery, Tropical Forests, Wcs, Wildlife, Wildlife Conservation, Wildlife Trade, Wildlife Trafficking last_img read more

Spot-fixing scandal rocks Parliament; Ajay Maken asks BCCI to act

first_imgThe spot-fixing controversy led to a ruckus in Parliament on Tuesday forcing Sports Minister Ajay Maken to assure strict action against the culprits. Maken was reacting to BJP’s Lok Sabha member Kirti Azad’s demand that government should take stringent action over match-fixing or spot-fixing allegations raised by India TV’s sting operation. Maken also asked the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) to take the matter seriously and resolve it as soon as possible. “It happens in other sports too and not only in cricket. It is both a challenge and opportunity. BCCI must go to its root and try to sort it out in the interest of millions of cricket lovers in India,” Maken said. Earlier, Azad, who happens to be a former Indian cricketer, had asked the government to step up internal auditing of different sports bodies and associations to check the spot-fixing. “Corruption comes from top to bottom. Lot of politicians have come into sports, be it from ruling party or opposition. When maters come up on malpractices they all become together and that is unfortunate part. Fixing has been going on since many years and I have been raising it. We need to have internal audit about it,” Azad said. No one will be spared: IPL chairmanRattled by the sting operation exposing spot-fixing in cricket, the Indian Premier League (IPL) chairman and BCCI vice-president, Rajiv Shukla, who also happens to be a Congress MP, said, “no one will be spared” and “we will be very strict with the players”.advertisementlast_img read more

IPL 2014: Kolkata Knight Riders Team Profile

first_imgKolkata finished off at the seventh spot in the IPL table last season The 2012 IPL champions, Kolkata Knight Riders, failed to live up to the expectations of their fans following their seventh-place finish with a mere 12 points last season. Led by one of the finest Indian batsmen Gautam Gambhir, the team in golden blue is coached by Australian veteran Trevor Bayliss alongside the bowling mentor Brett Lee.While eyeing their second title this season, KKR bought explosive batsmen Robin Uthappa, Chris Lynn and Manish Pandey alongside a heavy list of renowned bowlers during the IPL auction this year.Kolkata boasts of two of the most consistent players in the batting and bowling department. KKR skipper Gautam Gambhir was the team’s highest run-scorer with 406 runs in 16 matches last season while mystery spinner Sunil Narine bagged 22 wickets in 16 matches.The batting legend Jacques Kallis alongside Robin Uthappa and Manish Pandey add to the powerful KKR top-order. Their middle-order is bolstered by Yusuf Pathan and Chris Lynn followed by all-rounders Shakib Al Hasan, Ryan ten Doeschate, Andre Russell and Manvinder Bisla.With a variety in their bowling attack, KKR pose a serious threat to their oppositions. South African speedster Morne Morkel, Umesh Yadav, Pat Cummins and Vinay Kumar form a dangerous seam-bowling attack while Shakib Al Hasan, Sunil Narine and Piyush Chawla add to the spin-bowling of the 2012 champions.After splashing a greater amount just on the bowlers this year, Shah Rukh Khan co-owned KKR boasts of a formidable bowling attack that could very well land them another title this year.advertisementPlayers Retained(2014): Gautam Gambhir(Rs 12.5 cr) and Sunil Narine(Rs 9.5 cr).Players Bought(2014): Jacques Kallis(Rs 5.5 cr), Robin Uthappa(Rs 5 cr), Manish Pandey(Rs 1.7 cr), Chris Lynn(Rs 1.3 cr), Suryakumar Yadav(Rs 70 lakh), Yusuf Pathan(Rs 3.25 cr), Shakib Al Hasan(Rs 2.8 cr), Ryan ten Doeschate(Rs 1 cr), Andre Russell(Rs 60 lakh), Manvinder Bisla(Rs 60 lakh), Debabrata Das(Rs 20 lakh), SS Mondal(Rs 10 lakh), Piyush Chawla(Rs 4.25 cr), Kuldeep Yadav(Rs 40 lakh), Vinay Kumar(Rs 2.8 cr), Morne Morkel(Rs 2.8 cr), Umesh Yadav(Rs 2.6 cr), Pat Cummins(Rs 1 cr) and Veer Pratap Singh(Rs 40 lakh).              Squad: Gautam Gambhir(c), Jacques Kallis, Sunil Narine, Robin Uthappa(wk), Manish Pandey, Chris Lynn, Suryakumar Yadav, Yusuf Pathan, Shakib Al Hasan, Ryan ten Doeschate, Andre Russell, Manvinder Bisla, Debabrata Das, SS Mondal, Piyush Chawla, Kuldeep Yadav, Vinay Kumar, Morne Morkel, Umesh Yadav, Pat Cummins, Veer Pratap Singhlast_img read more

Micromax Canvas Hue AQ5000 review: The iPhone 4 doppelganger

first_imgBack in 2010, Apple’s iPhone 4 did wonders for smartphone design. It was a Rolls-Royce in a sea of me-too Hyundai’s. Even today, the design of the iPhone 4 can be considered the nicest seen on a phone. However, what happens after 5 years? Of course, Apple moved on. But it did “inspire” a legion of manufacturers. A latest example is Indian smartphone vendor Micromax, which admittedly is not known for its design finesse, but has come up with a phone that looks almost like an iPhone, has decent specifications, and costs under Rs 15,000.This phone is the Canvas Hue AQ5000. While it undoubtedly has good looks and decent hardware, at least in terms of specification sheet, it also faces formidable competition. So is it any good? Let’s find out.Design and build qualityAs we have already mentioned, the Canvas Hue is going to remind you a lot of the iPhone 4 or 4S. It sports a similar design, which combines glass on two sides, a metal frame subtly curved on edges and a classic candy-bar shape. Even the camera is placed on the top left corner with an LED flash almost exactly like the iPhone 4. The only major difference between the iPhone 4 and the Canvas Hue in terms of design is the presence of Android capacitive buttons instead of the usual Home button found in the iPhone. There is no doubt that the Canvas Hue is a looker. But the design is not original. Moreover, the fit and finish of the product cannot be compared to an iPhone 4. They are just not in the same league. For instance, the metal frame is painted in gold. Finish of the paint is not great and it looks cheap.advertisementFor the price segment, the Canvas Hue offers acceptable build quality. But then it is not something that you can’t get in other phones in the same price range. For example, phones like the Mi 3 (which unfortunately is not available for sale anymore) and the Moto G offer better build quality.The phone also appears to be thicker than most phones in the segment, though cleverly Micromax has not revealed its dimensions and weight.As was the case with the iPhone 4, ergonomics are not exactly great with Canvas Hue. If anything, they are poorer thanks to the larger 5-inch screen on it as compared to the 3.5-inch display of the iPhone.  As the phone has straight lines on the sides and is flat on the back, holding the phone over long periods can be cumbersome.  One-handed use is possible, but it is not without risk, as the glass back on the phone makes for a slippery grip and chances are you will drop the phone. We dropped it once; thankfully, the glass on the back did not shatter. It was merely scratched.We had a bone to pick with the volume and power rockers, which we found to be flush against the body of the phone, and were a little difficult to use. Lastly, the process of adding the SIM card is convoluted and we feel most people will struggle installing a SIM card on their own. You have to pry open the back of the phone in an awkward way. This also means the phone gives out the illusion of having an unibody design, but in reality its back cover can be removed. DisplayThe 5-inch AMOLED display is the star of the show on the Canvas Hue. It has a decent 720p resolution, which converts to 293 pixels per inch, but the real story is the quality of the panel itself.The colour and contrast reproduction of the display is superb. Of course, as it is an AMOLED display, the colours are very punchy and vibrant. They do not look true to life, but they do please the eye.Even the brightness levels and viewing angles of the display are good. Even outdoors, the display is usable for getting work done. Typically AMOLED displays struggle under direct sunlight, however, the Canvas Hue fares better.CameraOf late, Micromax has been putting an extra effort in the imaging capabilities of its smartphones. The 8-megapixel camera on the Canvas Hue is by no means a prop. In proper lightning, the phone can take nice photos with decent amount of detail. But by no means, the image quality rival that of the now defunct Xiaomi Mi 3. In fact, it even trails what the Asus ZenFone, the Xiaomi RedMi Note 4G or the Yu Yureka are capable of.The big problem is in day light as the phone struggles to deal with strong sunlight. It totally blows out areas of the frame that have lots of sunlight.advertisementAs for colour reproduction and contrast, the phone does a good job of keeping things natural. The phone also does well at macro shots.The bigger problem is the slow focusing. This means that there will be many times you will be trying to capture a moving object and you will fail to get a decent photo.In low-light the performance is poor. That being true, sometimes we managed usable shots that were decently lit, not blurred and had good colour and contrast ratios.The phone’s software offers a lot of control to the user and combines a multitude of modes like exposure, colour effect, scenes, and white balance. Users can also enable zero shutter lag and there’s a decent HDR mode to boot.The front facing 2-megapixel camera is useful for selfies and the odd video call. However, the image quality is very disappointing. It also struggles to lock focus consistently.The phone shoots only 720p video. Generally, the quality of videos is inconsistent and it struggles to automatically adjust focus with movement. On many occasions we found the audio captured along with video was garbled.Check the following image samples to get an idea of Micromax Canvas Hue Camera performance: Sample 1, Sample 2, Sample 3, Sample 4, Sample 5, Sample 6, Sample 7, Sample 8. SoftwareOne of the most unique things about the Canvas Hue is the fact that it is a vessel for Micromax’s new user interface. The new UI is similar to Android skins we have seen on phones by Chinese manufacturers as there is no dedicated app drawer, but just an iPhone like springboard that is home of apps and widgets.  Like most phones, it runs on Android 4.4 KitKat; however, the heavy customization to Android may result in slow OS updates.Like the MiUI on Xiaomi phones, Micromax’s UI has provisions for themes. At the time of testing there were a handful of themes.In use, this UI is simple to use, however it feels slow in operation. When replaced with something like the Google Now launcher, the phone felt vastly more responsive. So dear Micromax, “Thanks, but no thanks”.The phone also comes with a number of preloaded apps. Some apps like a SwiftKey keyboard, TrueCaller and Skype are regular stables on any Android phone. However, things like Where’s My Perry, Dr Safety, Hitout Hero’s, Grow Away and a bunch of M! branded apps just ruin the experience by being wasteful and non-removable additions.PerformanceIn terms of hardware, the Canvas Hue is a rather ‘run of the mill’ Android smartphone. It is powered by quad-core MediaTek MT6582 processor. It runs at 1.3GHz SoC. The phone has 1GB RAM, 8GB internal memory, and a microSD card slot.  For basic tasks like messaging, making calls, emails, and a bit of productivity, the phone is fine. It is just not a fast phone by any metric. In fact, cheaper Android One phones feel faster than it. Installing Google Now launcher improves the performance. But even with a new launcher the Hue can’t match the Moto G (2nd gen), the Asus ZenFone 5 or the Xiaomi Mi 3. Compared to these devices, the Canvas Hue feels inferior.advertisementThe story is the same while gaming. When we tested graphically intensive games like the Dead Trigger 2, and Asphalt 8, the phone showed signs of frame rate drops. Not that other phones do not suffer from frame rates issues, but the Canvas Hue suffered from these problems more often.  The call quality of the phone was not outstanding, but it got the job done. Rarely did we face dropped calls. We tested the phone on a Vodafone network in Delhi NCR. In addition to this, the quality of the loudspeaker was average at best, and at times when we pumped metal music at max levels, the sound quality degraded and was distorted.Battery life While the display of the Canvas Hue impresses a lot, its biggest calling card is its mammoth 3,000mAh battery. In the week we tested the phone, on an average, the phone lasted between 20-22 hours. This is solid performance for something that costs below Rs 15,000. At times, the phone lasted a day and a half on a single charge with frugal usage and the super power mode enabled.The phone lasted 4 hours and 55 minutes on the PC Mark’s battery benchmark, which is not stellar, but in regular usage, the performance of the phone was certainly better. Perhaps, this is one area where the lack of a powerful processor helps the Canvas Hue over phones like the Asus ZenFone, the Xiaomi Mi 3, and the Moto G.Our usage consisted of 2 hours of calls, 45 minutes of music streaming, two social media accounts, two email accounts, a bit of gaming, 15-20 photos shot on a daily basis and streaming videos from YouTube.Should you buy it?There are multiple ways to look at the Canvas Hue. It can be seen either as an attractive low-cost phone or an iPhone doppelganger or perhaps as an underpowered phone for its price. The underpowered bit is the most pertinent of the lot.While, the Canvas Hue is a handsome, yet unoriginal phone, there is no escaping from its limitations as a smartphone. Micromax’s software customizations make matters worse and it certainly feels inferior to phones like the discontinued Mi 3, the cheaper ZenFones and the Moto G.If you are going to spend Rs 10,999 on your next smartphone, you can do a lot better than the Canvas Hue. In fact, if you want to buy a Micromax phone, get the company’s Yureka. It is cheaper and much better.last_img read more